DENTAL PROSTHETICS

Dental prosthetics is made for everyone who has the need to make up for one or more missing teeth or is not completely satisfied with the appearance of the existing ones.

Irregularities in colour, shape or location of the teeth or a compromised dental aesthetics for any other reason do not have to define your smile. Dental prosthetics allows everyone a complete dental line and a beautiful smile at a low cost.

The lack of one or more teeth can often cause pain, rattling and pathological changes in the temporomandibular joint because of irregular movement during chewing or chewing with only one side of the mouth. However, these are all difficulties that can be successfully resolved with dental prosthetics.

The experts at the Fabris Centre in collaboration with the laboratory team that is among the highest rated team of specialists in the field of aesthetic dentistry and prosthetics in Croatia replace the irregularities with ceramic veneers and dental crowns and a dental bridge is made in the case of more missing teeth.

Prosthetics is divided into fixed and mobile prosthetics.

Fixed work is permanently cemented while the mobile ones are removed from the mouth daily.

FIXED PROSTHETICS

Fixed prosthetics covers all the work done with the goal of recuperating aesthetics and the functionality of the existing or missing teeth. Fixed prosthetics are permanently incorporated in the teeth line like natural teeth and cannot be willingly removed from the mouth.

Crowns

Dental crowns are more famously known as dental veneers. The veneers are made of ceramics (a popular name is porcelain crowns), zirconia-ceramics or metal-ceramics. Ceramic crowns cover the entire tooth and become its new, visible surface.

The dental crown is implanted in the chosen place for a long-term period of time. The reason is mostly a missing tooth, fracture of the crown, cavity that has visibly caused damage to the aesthetics and functionality or simply because of the aesthetical dissatisfaction with the existing state of the teeth.

The shape of the crown is morphologically equal to the natural crown of the tooth that is being replaced. If the production of the crown is aesthetically indicated, the new tooth can take on a completely different shape and colour and thus improve your smile.

CASE 1

After the fracture of the incisors and the loss of a few teeth in the back regions of the upper jaw the patient comes to the Fabris Centre to find an adequate solution to replace the missing teeth and protect the existing ones. In regard to aesthetics it was imperative to keep absolute naturalness. After a detailed analysis of the situation and therapy planning in the problematic upper jaw our experts evaluated the teeth they considered to be salvageable by treatment regardless of the bad condition. The development of a fixed-prosthetic reconstruction followed after a successful treatment and upgrade of individual teeth due to their weakened structure. In consultation with the patient we decided to use metal ceramic bridges. The result was a renewed, long desired function, high level of aesthetics, naturalness and the protection of existing teeth and a renewed smile on the face of our dear patient.

Reasons for making crowns can be:

  • Protection – the dental crown is made to stop the fracture of the existing dental crown damaged by physical trauma or by cavity
  • Aesthetics – change the appearance of an aesthetically unsatisfactory tooth with the crown
  • Prosthetics – the crown is placed as the carrier for the dental bridge

 

Bridge

 

Dental bridge is a term used for several connected crowns.

It is most often installed in the case of one or more missing teeth. The bridge is anchored by two or more carriers that can be natural teeth or implants. Apart from the aesthetical, the dental bridge also has a protective function because it prevents movement of the adjacent teeth and irregularities in the bite, besides embellishing the smile. The lack of one or more teeth can often cause pathological changes and consequently strong pain in the temporomandibular joint because of irregular movements during chewing or chewing mostly on one side.

Functions of the bridge:

  • Chewing function – replacement of the natural missing teeth
  • Phonetic function – establishment of normal phonetics (speech)
  • Aesthetic function – natural look achieved with the appropriate colour, shape and location
  • Prophylactic function – establishment of a proper occlusion and articulation, raising the height of the bite
  • Strengthening of the periodontally changed teeth
  • Prevention of complications caused by teeth location changes
  • Prevention of pathological changes in the temporomandibular joint

MOBILE PROSTHETICS

Today, mobile dental prosthetics is being used less often because of the solutions provided by implantology and fixed dental prosthetics.

Mobile prosthetic substitutes are complete dentures, partial dentures, immediate dentures and dentures on implants.

Complete dentures

Complete dentures are mobile dental prosthetic substitutes for lost teeth or parts of the bone alveolar ridge in an edentulous jaw that allows restoration of the impaired functions like chewing, speech and aesthetics. Since it is movable, the denture can be fully removed from the mouth.

Partial dentures

Partial dentures are substitutes for a certain number of teeth. They are partially supported by some or all of the leftover teeth and they maintain stability and better adjustability that way. The denture is movable and the patient can completely remove it from the mouth.

Immediate dentures

Immediate dentures (lat. imediatus – direct) are temporary dentures made in the presence of teeth that are planned to be removed. The denture is put in the mouth right after the teeth extraction.
High criteria of aesthetics and functionality are taken into consideration when choosing a therapy, and quality production and durability are the imperatives of our work.

 

CASE 2

A long-standing discontent and problems with teeth have been successfully resolved. This 58 year old patient underwent a prosthetic rehabilitation of both jaws comprising of metal ceramic crowns and partial dentures. The first two photographs represent the state of the teeth before and the other two the state of the teeth after the procedure.

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