The most important factor in preventing the formation of pathological changes is to know how to properly maintain good oral hygiene. With proper methods of maintaining good hygiene, i.e. by proper brushing we remove the plaque build-up that causes mouth diseases or we prevent their formation on teeth and gums.

Despite a proper maintenance of oral hygiene the problems in the mouth can form because of an improper dental hygiene, usually because of brushing or bad choice of the right type of toothbrush.

An appropriate toothbrush:


  • The handle of the toothbrush has to be long enough and its head small enough to reach even the furthest surfaces of the back teeth.
  • We recommend nylon toothbrush fibres since natural fibres wear out quickly and allow bacterial growth.
  • The thinner and thicker the fibres are, the better they reach the difficult to reach spots.
  • The fibres of the toothbrush have to be curved at the top
  • The toothbrush has to be soft or medium soft to completely remove the plaque and not to damage the tooth periodontal (gums).
  • Toothbrushes for the little ones with first teeth and deciduous teeth have to be as soft as possible with gentle fibres and a handle adjusted to the age.
  • The toothbrush needs to be changed 3 to 4 times a year.

How to brush your teeth correctly?

Correct brushing means using circular movements to clean all accessible areas of the tooth with an appropriate toothbrush.

The teeth have five surfaces in total, some of which are hard to reach so, for example, the contact surfaces of the two adjacent teeth need to be cleaned with additional means.

All the surfaces of the teeth need to be washed in detail and that takes at least 3 minutes!

The toothbrush should be placed on the gums and then moved across the neck of the tooth to the top of the crown with rotational movements. Proper brushing means brushing from the gums to the top of the crown! Horizontal brushing needs to be avoided!

Teeth need to be brushed after every meal or at least twice a day (in the morning after breakfast and in the evening after the last meal).

It is important to clean all accessible surfaces of the tooth with a toothbrush.

To avoid skipping of any tooth or surface the suggestion is to brush all the outer surfaces of the teeth in one jaw first and then afterwards pass on to the inner surfaces and at the end on the chewing surfaces.

Inner surfaces of the teeth are brushed with small circular movements just like the outer ones. For the chewing surfaces it is not necessary because they are not that sensitive.

Additional means of tooth cleaning


For a complete hygiene it is important to clean even the places that are hard to reach.

Something that is hard to reach for our toothbrush is easily accessible to bacteria and food leftovers.

For a complete hygiene and protection we need to use:

  • Dental floss
  • Interdental brush – a small brush that only needs to be used once a day without toothpaste

  • Water flosser for teeth – Waterpik – it is recommended to all people especially to people with any kind of prosthetic substitute or with an implant. The water jet flushes out the bacteria, plaque and micro leftovers of food even in the most inaccessible places.
  • Toothpaste – it is best to use mild toothpastes that do not irritate the mucous membranes of the mouth and those adapted to special conditions of the mouth, for example, withdrawal or inflammation of the gums.

For other advice and further clarifications our dentists are always at your disposal.

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